Note: Several of our colleagues from Protiviti’s Technology Consulting practice attended the SAPInsider 2018 GRC and Financials Conferences. Their blogs on SAP-related topics are shared here. Mithilesh Kotwal, Director, discusses the importance of proactively addressing implementation risks during S/4HANA migrations.
Ronan O’Shea, our ERP Solutions global lead, delivered an insightful session reviewing the different responsibilities of the business during a system implementation. As he pointed out, systems must be designed from the outset to support the business. Organizations cannot expect system integrators (SI) to develop these designs alone, as SI are technical experts – not business process experts. This is why the business should be responsible for defining the vision and operational expectations for the future state of each business process that the new system will impact.
During his session, Ronan shared key system Implementation Statistics, including:
- 74.1% of ERP projects exceed budget
- 40% report major operational disruptions after go-live
What do you do to ensure your implementation does not become a part of statistics like these?
The role that the business plays in an ERP system implementation is at least as critical as those played by IT and the system integrator (SI). The business owns the top four risks on an ERP implementation:
- Program Governance
- Misconception: The SI will manage the governance of the entire ERP implementation.
- The truth: Typically, it is beyond the scope of the SI to provide the level of management needed to oversee the implementation end-to-end.
- What should companies do? Establish a comprehensive PMO structure that manages the program beyond just the SI deliverables i.e. it includes things like:
- Oversight of business and IT resources
- Management of other vendors
- Open engagement with company leadership on the risks and issues within the program
- Unrelenting commitment to the transformation goals of the program.
These implementations are complex and have impact across many functions; the incentives of different parties must be checked and balanced.
- Business Process Design
- Misconception: The SI will guide us to adopt leading design practices baked into the software.
- The truth: The requirements and design of the future solution emerges over time (if at all), leading to rework, changes, delays and missed user expectations both pre- and post-go-live. The SI is primarily a technical expert and not a business process expert.
- What should companies do? The business retains the responsibility to define the vision for what to expect operationally of the new system with regard to each business process. This vision can take the form of:
- Future-state end-to-end process flows that outline the automation level expected
- Governing business rules (e.g., customer price calculations, cost allocations, tax computations)
- Data requirements and event triggers for integrations to other systems
- Controls and contingency or exception workflows
- Who takes action
Take your time to define this vision so that you have a baseline against which to evaluate the technical solution delivered by the SI and make sure you are meeting your transformation objectives. Assess process owners’ awareness and understanding of key design decisions’ expected outcome.
- Data Conversion
- Misconception: Data conversion is a technical task with no business involvement and we can just move the data from legacy to the current system.
- The truth: Companies leave this activity till too late, without any business involvement resulting in incorrect mapping of data and poor data quality that cause delays in implementation and impact operational effectiveness of the new system.
- What should companies do?
- Review the plans and design for the overall information strategy, data governance and data conversions and ability to ensure complete and accurate data will be available at Go-Live
- Perform project-specific quality assurance procedures
- Provide recommendations for longer-term initiatives to maintain data quality
Data is key, the business should treat data conversion design and data cleansing as a top priority work stream and take operational and audit considerations into account. The business must establish strong data governance that extends beyond successful rollout of the new system.
- Organizational Change
- Misconception: Organizational change is training, right?
- The truth: Users and business process owners are unprepared to participate effectively on the project, business requirements, design, testing, training and adoption. Lack of focus on building user and management support, adoption, and readiness leads to ineffective and inefficient processes, and post-Go-Live disruptions, regardless of the quality of the system implemented.
- What should companies do?
- Examine user adoption / enablement plans for the system and processes, including ongoing user support and training processes, process organization change, and process performance measurement.
- The business must plan to develop policies and procedure and define new roles and responsibilities as well as delivering practical training.
Prepare the organization well for the transformation project you are undertaking. Engage the users frequently to prepare them for the change to increase user adoption.
These four key risk areas, in addition to other risk areas, are explored in detail in this white paper.
Mithilesh Kotwal, Director